# Source code for mars.tensor.random.uniform

```
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright 1999-2021 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import numpy as np
from ... import opcodes as OperandDef
from ...serialization.serializables import AnyField
from ..utils import gen_random_seeds
from .core import TensorRandomOperandMixin, handle_array, TensorDistribution
class TensorUniform(TensorDistribution, TensorRandomOperandMixin):
_input_fields_ = ["low", "high"]
_op_type_ = OperandDef.RAND_UNIFORM
_fields_ = "low", "high", "size"
low = AnyField("low")
high = AnyField("high")
_func_name = "uniform"
def __call__(self, low, high, chunk_size=None):
return self.new_tensor([low, high], None, raw_chunk_size=chunk_size)
[docs]def uniform(
random_state, low=0.0, high=1.0, size=None, chunk_size=None, gpu=None, dtype=None
):
r"""
Draw samples from a uniform distribution.
Samples are uniformly distributed over the half-open interval
``[low, high)`` (includes low, but excludes high). In other words,
any value within the given interval is equally likely to be drawn
by `uniform`.
Parameters
----------
low : float or array_like of floats, optional
Lower boundary of the output interval. All values generated will be
greater than or equal to low. The default value is 0.
high : float or array_like of floats
Upper boundary of the output interval. All values generated will be
less than high. The default value is 1.0.
size : int or tuple of ints, optional
Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., ``(m, n, k)``, then
``m * n * k`` samples are drawn. If size is ``None`` (default),
a single value is returned if ``low`` and ``high`` are both scalars.
Otherwise, ``mt.broadcast(low, high).size`` samples are drawn.
chunk_size : int or tuple of int or tuple of ints, optional
Desired chunk size on each dimension
gpu : bool, optional
Allocate the tensor on GPU if True, False as default
dtype : data-type, optional
Data-type of the returned tensor.
Returns
-------
out : Tensor or scalar
Drawn samples from the parameterized uniform distribution.
See Also
--------
randint : Discrete uniform distribution, yielding integers.
random_integers : Discrete uniform distribution over the closed
interval ``[low, high]``.
random_sample : Floats uniformly distributed over ``[0, 1)``.
random : Alias for `random_sample`.
rand : Convenience function that accepts dimensions as input, e.g.,
``rand(2,2)`` would generate a 2-by-2 array of floats,
uniformly distributed over ``[0, 1)``.
Notes
-----
The probability density function of the uniform distribution is
.. math:: p(x) = \frac{1}{b - a}
anywhere within the interval ``[a, b)``, and zero elsewhere.
When ``high`` == ``low``, values of ``low`` will be returned.
If ``high`` < ``low``, the results are officially undefined
and may eventually raise an error, i.e. do not rely on this
function to behave when passed arguments satisfying that
inequality condition.
Examples
--------
Draw samples from the distribution:
>>> import mars.tensor as mt
>>> s = mt.random.uniform(-1,0,1000)
All values are within the given interval:
>>> mt.all(s >= -1).execute()
True
>>> mt.all(s < 0).execute()
True
Display the histogram of the samples, along with the
probability density function:
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> count, bins, ignored = plt.hist(s.execute(), 15, normed=True)
>>> plt.plot(bins, mt.ones_like(bins).execute(), linewidth=2, color='r')
>>> plt.show()
"""
if dtype is None:
dtype = (
np.random.RandomState()
.uniform(handle_array(low), handle_array(high), size=(0,))
.dtype
)
size = random_state._handle_size(size)
seed = gen_random_seeds(1, random_state.to_numpy())[0]
op = TensorUniform(size=size, seed=seed, gpu=gpu, dtype=dtype)
return op(low, high, chunk_size=chunk_size)
```