# Source code for mars.tensor.arithmetic.log

```
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright 1999-2021 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import numpy as np
from ... import opcodes as OperandDef
from ..utils import infer_dtype
from .core import TensorUnaryOp
from .utils import arithmetic_operand
@arithmetic_operand(sparse_mode="unary")
class TensorLog(TensorUnaryOp):
_op_type_ = OperandDef.LOG
_func_name = "log"
[docs]@infer_dtype(np.log)
def log(x, out=None, where=None, **kwargs):
"""
Natural logarithm, element-wise.
The natural logarithm `log` is the inverse of the exponential function,
so that `log(exp(x)) = x`. The natural logarithm is logarithm in base
`e`.
Parameters
----------
x : array_like
Input value.
out : Tensor, None, or tuple of tensor and None, optional
A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have
a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or `None`,
a freshly-allocated tensor is returned. A tuple (possible only as a
keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.
where : array_like, optional
Values of True indicate to calculate the ufunc at that position, values
of False indicate to leave the value in the output alone.
**kwargs
Returns
-------
y : Tensor
The natural logarithm of `x`, element-wise.
See Also
--------
log10, log2, log1p
Notes
-----
Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each `x` there is an infinite
number of `z` such that `exp(z) = x`. The convention is to return the
`z` whose imaginary part lies in `[-pi, pi]`.
For real-valued input data types, `log` always returns real output. For
each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it
yields ``nan`` and sets the `invalid` floating point error flag.
For complex-valued input, `log` is a complex analytical function that
has a branch cut `[-inf, 0]` and is continuous from above on it. `log`
handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative
number, conforming to the C99 standard.
References
----------
.. [1] M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, "Handbook of Mathematical Functions",
10th printing, 1964, pp. 67. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/
.. [2] Wikipedia, "Logarithm". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm
Examples
--------
>>> import mars.tensor as mt
>>> mt.log([1, mt.e, mt.e**2, 0]).execute()
array([ 0., 1., 2., -Inf])
"""
op = TensorLog(**kwargs)
return op(x, out=out, where=where)
```